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Commuting Patterns

Out-Commuting

Out-Commuting from Lexington County number percent

Total Out-Commuters

53,736

100.00

Contiguous SC Counties

49,270

91.7

Non-Contiguous SC Counties

2,597

4.8

Contiguous States

918

1.7

Non-Contiguous States

951

1.8

Source: U.S. Census Bureau – County Worker Flows 2013

 

In-Commuting

In-Commuting to Lexington County number percent

Total In-Commuters

38,141

100.00

Contiguous SC Counties

32,913

86.3

Non-Contiguous SC Counties

4,114

10.8

Contiguous States

618

1.6

Non-Contiguous States

496

1.3

Source: U.S. Census Bureau – County Worker Flows 2013

 

Net Commuting

Net Commuting From/To Lexington County number

Lexington County

(15,595)

Contiguous SC Counties

(16,357)

Non-Contiguous SC Counties

1,517

Contiguous States

(300)

Non-Contiguous States

(455)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau – County Worker Flows 2013

 

 

Top Commute Destinations
Out-Commuter Destination Counties number percent

Richland, SC

45,809

85.2

Orangeburg, SC

982

1.8

Aiken, SC

835

1.5

Newberry, SC

687

1.3

Saluda, SC

667

1.2

Fairfield, SC

546

1.0

Contiguous SC Counties

2,597

4.8

Non-Contiguous Counties

951

10.8

Source: U.S. Census Bureau – County Worker Flows 2013

 

Top Commute Origins
In-Commuter Source Counties number percent

Richland, SC

25,003

65.6

Aiken, SC

1,997

5.2

Newberry, SC

1,868

4.9

Saluda, SC

1,667

4.4

Orangeburg, SC

1,329

3.5

Calhoun, SC

1,049

2.8

Kershaw, SC

971

2.5

Fairfield, SC

617

1.6

Sumter, SC

346

1.0

Other SC Counties

2,180

5.7

Other Non-SC Counties

1,114

2.9

Source: U.S. Census Bureau – County Worker Flows 2013

 

Narrative

Historically an agricultural area, Lexington County began to transition to a “bedroom community” for the City of Columbia and Richland County in the mid-1960’s driven by excellent public schools, reasonable housing costs and access to transportation arteries.  Beginning in the mid-to late 1970’s, Lexington County began to attract not just new residents but also a substantial number of new employers in the manufacturing, logistics and healthcare industries.  While Lexington County exports more than 53,000 workers per day, the County has also become a substantial importer of workers, with over 38,000 people working in Lexington County but residing in other areas.  Fully 91% of the out-commuters from Lexington County work in a county that is contiguous to Lexington.  These 53,000 out-commuters are a prime source of recruitable workers for new and expanding enterprises in Lexington County.

Richland County, including the City of Columbia, remains the principal destination for out-commuters, drawing almost 46,000 people daily from Lexington County.  While not reflected in the above tables, it is interesting to note that the number of out-commuters from Lexington County to Richland County has increased by less than 6,000 workers since 1990.  During this same time period, the number of workers residing in Richland County and working in Lexington County has increased by 12,000 persons.  Also, the number of people both residing in and working in Lexington County increased by 65% from 43,700 in 1990 to 71,900 in 2013.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau – County Worker Flows 2013